and Dealing with False Doctrine
by J. R. Ensey
Let's look at II John
5-11 from various versions, focusing on verse 8:
(From the KJV): "And now I beseech thee, lady, not as though I wrote
a new commandment unto thee, but that which we had from the beginning,
that we love one another.
6 And this is love, that we walk after his commandments. This is
the commandment, That, as ye have heard from the beginning, ye should
walk in it.
7 For many deceivers are entered into the world, who confess not
that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh. This is a deceiver and an
8 Look to yourselves, that we lose not those things which
we have wrought, but that we receive a full reward.
9 Whosoever transgresseth, and abideth not in the doctrine of Christ,
hath not God. He that abideth in the doctrine of Christ, he hath
both the Father and the Son.
10 If there come any unto you, and bring not this doctrine, receive
him not into your house, neither bid him God speed:
11 For he that biddeth him God speed is partaker of his evil deeds.
(From the NIV): "And now, dear lady, I am not writing you a new
command but one we have had from the beginning. I ask that we love
6 And this is love: that we walk in obedience to his commands. As
you have heard from the beginning, his command is that you walk
7 Many deceivers, who do not acknowledge Jesus Christ as coming
in the flesh, have gone out into the world. Any such person is the
deceiver and the antichrist.
8 Watch out that you do not lose what you have worked for,
but that you may be rewarded fully.
9 Anyone who runs ahead and does not continue in the teaching of
Christ does not have God; whoever continues in the teaching has
both the Father and the Son.
10 If anyone comes to you and does not bring this teaching, do not
take him into your house or welcome him.
11 Anyone who welcomes him shares in his wicked work.
(From the ESV): "And now I ask you, dear lady —not as though I were
writing you a new commandment, but the one we have had from the
beginning —that we love one another.
6 And this is love, that we walk according to his commandments;
this is the commandment, just as you have heard from the beginning,
so that you should walk in it.
7 For many deceivers have gone out into the world, those who do
not confess the coming of Jesus Christ in the flesh. Such a one
is the deceiver and the antichrist.
8 Watch yourselves, so that you may not lose what we [you] have
worked for, but may win a full reward.
9 Everyone who goes on ahead and does not abide in the teaching
of Christ, does not have God. Whoever abides in the teaching has
both the Father and the Son.
10 If anyone comes to you and does not bring this teaching, do not
receive him into your house or give him any greeting,
11 for whoever greets him takes part in his wicked works."
The writers of Scripture
were very much aware of the development of erroneous doctrines and
the proliferation of false teachers during the infancy of the church.
Jesus Himself vigorously denounced false teachers and false prophets.
He warned His disciples fourteen times to beware of those who would
mislead them. The first words from Jesus' mouth when the disciples
asked Him what the signs of the endtime would be were: "Take heed
that no man deceive you" (Matthew 24:4). We are living in the time
of the end and should take those words very seriously.
The apostles repeatedly echoed Jesus' admonition: "Let no man deceive
you with vain words: for because of these things cometh the wrath
of God upon the children of disobedience...Let no man deceive you
by any means: for that day shall not come, except there come a falling
away first, and that man of sin be revealed, the son of perdition...Little
children, let no man deceive you" (Ephesians 5:6; II Thessalonians
2:3; I John 3:7). In other words, if we are deceived we have allowed
it to happen. Paul added these words to the Colossians: "Beware
lest any man spoil you through philosophy and vain deceit, after
the tradition of men, after the rudiments of the world, and not
after Christ" (Colossians 2:8). John adjured us to not lose what
we have worked for —and that would be so easy to do if we are not
Someone has scanned the Pastoral Epistles and determined that thirty-five
percent of the letters to Timothy and Titus concern false teaching/teachers
and the young men's responses to them. He admonished Timothy to
"charge some that they teach no other doctrine" (I Timothy 1:3)
—obviously meaning the doctrine that had come down from the original
apostles and which Paul himself preached. Knowing that even Timothy
himself could be moved from doctrinal steadfastness, the apostle
charged the young pastor to "watch your life (lifestyle) and doctrine
closely. Persevere in them, because if you do, you will save both
yourself and your hearers" (I Timothy 4:16). That is a message we
need to hear more often today!
The Corinthians were warned of false doctrine and false teachers
in this way: "For there must be also heresies among you, that they
which are approved may be made manifest among you" (I Corinthians
11:19). The positive side of divisive heresies is that they reveal
the true believers.1 The Galatians were likewise warned that the
works of the flesh would include "heresies," or divisions over doctrinal
matters (Galatians 5:20). Peter added his harmony to the chorus:
"But there were false prophets also among the people, even as there
shall be false teachers among you, who privily shall bring in damnable
heresies, even denying the Lord that bought them, and bring upon
themselves swift destruction" (II Peter 2:1). Paul had informed
the Ephesian elders that "of your own selves shall men arise, speaking
perverse things, to draw away disciples after them" (Acts 20:30),
a prophecy that began to come to pass in Paul's lifetime (I Timothy
1:18-20; II Timothy 2:17,18).
A. The Need For Discernment
The definition of discernment is "the ability to judge well; in
Christian contexts, it is perception in the absence of human judgment
with a view to obtaining spiritual direction and understanding."
We need both of those aspects of discernment. It is a seeing beyond
natural sight. It involves common sense and spiritual insight.
It is important to recognize the difference between this topic and
the gift of discerning of spirits (I Corinthians 12:10). The gift
has to do with supernatural determination of what is behind certain
behavior or events. The discernment we are discussing may be aided
by the gift at times but is basically vigilance, knowledge, understanding,
and wisdom born of experience, observation and a love for the truth.
There would be little problem with false teachers if it were a simple
matter for the average Christian to quickly identify them. If they
came with a sign around their necks announcing themselves as false
teachers it would be nice...
...But they often come as one of us...
...They may look like us...
...They may preach like us...
...They may praise like us...
...They may even call Jesus Lord...
...therefore it is sometimes difficult to identify them before they
have had time to do their mischief among us. Jesus said that they
would appear to people as righteous (Matthew 23:28) and Paul agreed
(II Corinthians 11:15). Even "Satan himself is transformed into
an angel of light" (II Corinthians 11:14). They come in "sheep's
clothing" (Matthew 7:15). They come quoting the Bible, but twisting
the Scriptures (II Peter 3:16) to fit their "revelation" or personal
agenda. They may even perform miracles ("lying wonders"?), and enjoy
a semblance of numerical success with multitudes following them
(Matthew 7:21-23; et al.). Christians must remember that working
miracles is not always the sign of a true prophet. John was the
greatest prophet who ever lived yet he did no miracle (John 10:41;
Luke 7:28). This is why discernment by the true Christian must always
Discernment is not suspicion, although it may involve some of that.
Carefulness should be our watchword, but inaction is not the only
other option. When suspicion is at work, watchfulness should characterize
the "watchman on the wall."
Paul charged the Galatians that they should remain steadfast in
the faith, even if he himself came back and refuted what he had
formerly preached, or if an angel from heaven were to come and say
something contradictory to what they had been taught (by him), they
were to reject it (Galatians 1:8,9). He challenged the Ephesians
not to be "carried about with every wind of doctrine, by the sleight
of men, and cunning craftiness, whereby they lie in wait to deceive"
When men come claiming that they have a new revelation, perhaps
something that has been "hidden from all other readers of the Bible,"
then we should see the red flags of warning go up —regardless of
how well they can articulate their "revelation" or move people emotionally.
A. What A False Teacher/Prophet Might Look and Sound Like
1. He may be passionate and excited about "something you probably
have never heard before." I remember hearing one man proclaim as
he began to preach, "What I am going to tell you today will blow
your mind!" He was absolutely correct in that! What he said, however,
has since been shown to be false and theological tommyrot.
2. He may claim a "new revelation." This is a common claim employed
to establish credibility and add a ring of authority to his presentation.
3. With a touch of the esoteric, he may affirm that he and God have
a "special relationship." He will often attempt to set himself apart
from his brethren and the "ordinary" minister, usually an expression
of spiritual pride.
4. He may demonstrate a love for himself more than for the truth.
How many times does he use the pronoun "I"? "Pardon, your ego is
5. He is often a "loner" who does not have sufficient accountability.
Who does he associate with? Who does he consider his "elders"? Does
he have some form of spiritual covering? To whom is he accountable?
Those are legitimate questions that we sometimes hesitate to ask
for fear of sounding negative or suspicious.
6. He may seek to evoke human sympathy for his cause by saying things
like, "I have been castigated by some who don't appreciate new approaches
to Christian doctrine...." Most are professional at setting up straw
men and knocking them down.
7. He may have a record that would not be exemplary. Where has he
been, what has he done, and what does his history reveal? Too many
pastors are willing to offer their pulpits to those who are unknown
and have not been proven. "Know them that labor among you..." (I
We have erred in elevating men too quickly who were unproven —until
their spirit and their message was confirmed. In doing so we violate
the Scriptures —"Not a novice...a good report of them which are
without...lay hands suddenly on no man...." These commands and qualifications
are in the Bible and and if we violate or ignore them we are going
to get burned.
Appearance alone is not the criterion by which teachers and prophets
are to be known. We must ask: Do their lives back up what they appear
to be? Behind the scenes, are they manipulative, ruthless, greedy,
dishonest, two-faced, and full of "dead men's bones and uncleanness"
(Matthew 23:27)? Are any of these character flaws reported by those
who know them well?
Without the willingness to "try the spirits" as the Scriptures command
—or if a pluralistic stance on doctrinal and lifestyle issues is
assumed —the endtime church will be easy prey for deceivers and
I Timothy 6:3-5 NIV: "If anyone teaches false doctrines and does
not agree to the sound instruction of our Lord Jesus Christ and
to godly teaching, he is conceited and understands nothing. He has
an unhealthy interest in controversies and quarrels about words
that result in envy, strife, malicious talk, evil suspicions and
constant friction between men of corrupt mind, who have been robbed
of the truth and who think that godliness is a means to financial
This is why we must never surrender our truth antennae!
B. What His Doctrine Might Look Like
1. It often ignores the obvious passage to focus on non-traditional
2. It usually places excessive dependence on secondary sources.
3. Scriptures are taken out of context, or stretched beyond their
4. It often attacks a fundamental apostolic doctrine or practice
straight on, or sometimes subtly via a side door.
This may be partly because that, underneath, there is a liberal
spirit that holds that the Bible is a "living document." In the
last election, Al Gore posited that the United States Constitution
is a "living document" that should be plugged into the values of
the current culture. If it doesn't fit with today's values, then
it should be adjusted to do so. That may be politically acceptable
for some (not for me), but when that same pluralistic spirit bleeds
over into the church, it is time for concern.
Some liberal thinkers feel that the Bible is also a "living document"
that should stay in step with cultural mores and trends. Even some
Apostolics are tempted to say, "Don't you think that Pentecostal
theology is still evolving, even the Godhead? Do you think we have
all the light that God means for us to have? Don't you think we
could get more light?" Such statements and questions are cause for
concern. The truth is: We have all the light God is going to give.
We have the Word, the special revelation of God. What Jesus said
has been there since the days of His ministry —for two millennia.
What Paul and Peter and John said has been in the Scriptures all
along. God is not going to reveal anything to anyone that is in
conflict with that Word.
This smacks of the "light doctrine," that people in various times
during the Christian age have had varying amounts of scriptural
"light." The problem has never been light, but sight to see the
light: "Therefore seeing we have this ministry, as we have received
mercy, we faint not; But have renounced the hidden things of dishonesty,
not walking in craftiness, nor handling the word of God deceitfully;
but by manifestation of the truth commending ourselves to every
man's conscience in the sight of God. But if our gospel be hid,
it is hid to them that are lost: In whom the god of this world hath
blinded the minds of them which believe not, lest the light of the
glorious gospel of Christ, who is the image of God, should shine
unto them" (II Corinthians 4:1-4).
5. It may have tentacles (not obvious at first) that reach to the
The "divine flesh" doctrine, for example, affects not only the Godhead,
but baptism, the resurrection, the future hope, etc. The current
Preterism theory removes the hope of the rapture, distorts the future
resurrections and judgments or eliminates them altogether, and dissolves
the millennial reign of Christ into a morass of subjective symbolism.
Any of us can be off some in our eschatology since a good deal of
Scripture employs symbolism, but the safest hermeneutic encourages
literalism as far as possible. We should take a lesson from Paul
when he denounced in writing those whose eschatology had blatantly
written off a future resurrection, saying that it was already past
(I Timothy 2:20; II Timothy 1:17). Their position was destroying
the faith of some. When a doctrine destroys "the blessed hope and
the glorious appearing" of our Lord (Titus 2:13), we should know
that it is error.
II. WHY DO PEOPLE FALL FOR FALSE DOCTRINE?
A. Boredom - One of the great temptations of this technological
age where everything is expected to be immediate is to become bored
with traditional teaching —not just with eschatology but with doctrine
in general and lifestyle standards that have been in place for generations.
B. Shallow interests - Many are not rooted and grounded and therefore
unconvinced in their own mind about fundamentals. They would rather
hear some pop psychologist talk about self-esteem than be reminded
of the necessity of faithfulness to the truth. Lectures on healthy
eating or the latest exercise moves are more popular Bible studies.
"To each his own," they are apt to say. Romans 14:5 says, "One man
esteemeth one day above another: another esteemeth every day alike.
Let every man be fully persuaded in his own mind." That is OK for
"days" but not for doctrine!
Often people are deceived because they don't know the questions
to ask of the preacher. Perhaps they haven't paid enough attention
to their pastor —or their pastor has not paid enough attention to
them and to the Word. Churches that are built on sensationalism
are shallow and flighty. Those constructed on solid Word teaching
will be around when the others have drifted into heresy, apostasy,
C. Curiosity - The Athenian spirit is running wild. Something new
and different sells better so it is made to sound like discovery
that others know nothing of. And if it has anything to do with the
future, it will captivate many for studies show that is one of the
top interests of virtually everyone in America.
III. WHAT IS
THE REAL DANGER IN FALSE DOCTRINE?
A. False doctrine will lead to disintegration
I mean the disintegration of faith, of one's relationship with God,
and the loss of confidence in other brethren and ultimately oneself.
Doctrinal error is like a stray mutant factor in the physical body
that attacks and decimates other cells around it. False doctrine
has the same effect in the body of Christ and virtually always leads
to carnal living —even if its teacher has the appearance of strictness.
Cults often demand strict adherence to an austere lifestyle.
Error begets more error. It multiplies. False doctrine or moral
failure will motivate one to establish or find a theology that accommodates
his lifestyle. How important it is for a religious organization
to move quickly in heading off false doctrine! It is often allowed
to linger, deferring as long as possible to those involved —supposedly
in the spirit of brotherhood and mercy —but in the process we allow
the leaven to creep throughout "the whole lump" and many are defiled
as a result. Pluralism has no place in a republic or in the church
of the living God. There is no room for varying philosophies, different
doctrines, and a myriad of lifestyles.
I personally heard an elder proclaim, "We can absorb some false
prophecies and false brethren. We are big enough to handle them."
How different from the apostles, and even from voices of the past,
like C. H. Spurgeon: "I am no man's enemy, but I am the enemy of
all teaching which is contrary to the Word of the Lord, and I will
be in no fellowship with it." In the fourteenth century one rat
was brought aboard a ship from an eastern port bound for Europe.
That rat was infected with the bacterium Pasteurella pestis. He
also had fleas. Those bitten by the fleas were infected by the plague.
Within three years almost 40% of the population of the Continent
had died. Something as small as a rat could decimate a continent.
"Despise not the day of small things." "A little leaven leaveneth
the whole lump." A rotten apple can spoil the whole barrel. And
yet we pridefully say, "It doesn't matter if we are off a little
on a fundamental." It does matter. It spreads. Didn't Paul say that
Hymanaeus and Philetus' teaching that the resurrection "doth eat
like a canker" (II Timothy 2:17). False doctrine doesn't only affect
the perpetrator; that spirit seeps into the body and defiles others.
It is like bitterness: "Looking diligently lest any man fail of
the grace of God; lest any root of bitterness springing up trouble
you, and thereby many be defiled" (Hebrews 12:15).
B. False Doctrine
Makes the Church Vulnerable
We now see some of our young ministers dropping the holiness message
in the effort to "save" everybody. They may wind up not saving anybody.
Being impressed with people in the town who say "you are too strict
and we would attend your church if you would just lower your standards"
is not a justifiable approach to evangelism. It won't be long before
such a pastor slides into compromise on fundamental doctrine so
even more people can be considered "saved."
Wolfgang Mozart, the famous eighteenth century musician lived in
small, upstairs flat in Vienna. He wrote fabulous music, but his
style was not popular then. His publisher pled with him, "Write
pop music and we will sell it and make you wealthy." His response:
"I will never compromise my standards!" It is said that he and his
wife would dance to his music to stay warm when there was no fuel!
He died poor at the young age of 35 —of a fever and complications
brought on by malnutrition. He paid the ultimate price for his convictions!
Is music more important than truth? Mozart's commitment shames us
who hold truth so lightly.
That reminds me of a man in the 5th century BC by the name of Nehemiah.
He came to Jerusalem to reconstruct the walls. The enemies of that
work tried to get him to stop work on the wall several times:
•They mocked him on two occasions (2:19; 4:1-3)
•They threatened a military attack (4:7-23)
•They attempted to lure him outside of the wall to Ono (but
that is what he said..."Oh, no!").
•Sanballat threatened him with false charges ("You are trying
to set yourself up as king by building these walls. You have some
political agenda, and I am going to report it to the king if you
don't come down and consult with me!") (6:1-4)
•A hired prophet tried to get him to discredit himself (6:10-14)
•Tobiah sent spies to Jerusalem and wrote Nehemiah letters
in order to frighten him (6:17-19).
He never quit; he never gave in. Perhaps some people don't think
there ought to be any walls. They see them as restricting them to
one side, reducing their liberty and freedom. The walls were not
to keep people in (there were several gates), they were to keep
the marauders, the Huns and Goths, the villains, the car bombers,
the suicide bombers, the terrorists —those who want to play havoc
with the people of God and destroy the kingdom from within —out!
C. False Doctrine Will Put the Brakes on Revival
What was it that caused the demise of the early church? They were
making great strides until compromise, false doctrine, and false
brethren infiltrated the body of Christ. Those factors put the brakes
on the church and extinguished revival.
D. A Parallel From Nature
The National Geographic story of the Central American orchard spider
is an apt illustration of how false doctrine affects the body of
Christ. A wasp stings it in its mouth, then while it is unconscious,
it deposits eggs on the belly of the spider. The spider awakens,
not realizing anything has happened, and goes on about its web-spinning.
Then at midnight, something goes wrong with the wiring in its brain.
The spider starts doing strange things, actually doing the bidding
of the wasp larvae on its belly. It starts spinning a web back and
forth from one point to another rather than its usual web pattern,
making a strong cord. The spider suddenly stops in the middle of
the strand, waiting. By this time the wasp larvae has become like
a spare tire on its belly and begins to suck the life juices from
the spider. When this is done, it drops the lifeless form into the
brush, makes a cocoon and attaches itself to the strong cord of
silk the spider made, to hang there until the full grown wasp emerges
from the cocoon and flies away.
False doctrine does the same thing to the church. Its sting can
paralyze us long enough to take over our minds where we may find
ourselves spinning a web for someone else's "revelation." At the
midnight hour, we may find ourselves in the middle of the strand,
waiting for that which has a hold on us to drain the life from our
body —ultimately dropping us into the brush of apostasy below. This
is why Paul said, "Hold fast the form of sound words..." (II Timothy
IV. BIBLICAL PROCEDURES FOR HANDLING FALSE DOCTRINE AND
A. The Bible is the rule of faith
We are obligated to consult the Scriptures on this question. What
did the apostolic church do when they confronted false doctrine
and the purveyors of heresy? The apostle Paul was not hesitant to
face the offenders and encouraged his protégés to
do the same: "As I urged you when I went into Macedonia, stay there
in Ephesus so that you may command certain men not to teach false
doctrines any longer nor to devote themselves to myths and endless
genealogies. These promote controversies rather than God's work
—which is by faith" (I Timothy 1:3,4 NIV).
Spiritual authorities (elders) are to confront those teaching false
doctrines. Paul gave these instructions to the church in Rome: "Now
I beseech you, brethren, mark them which cause divisions and offences
contrary to the doctrine which ye have learned; and avoid them.
For they that are such serve not our Lord Jesus Christ, but their
own belly; and by good words and fair speeches deceive the hearts
of the simple" (Romans 16:17,18).
B. Those in immorality or false doctrine were to be marked
Paul sometimes "marked" them by calling the names of offenders (I
Timothy 1:20; II Timothy 4:14). Care has to be taken here let we
libel ourselves in this litigious age. The first "marking" should
a meeting with them for the purpose of identifying the problem and
possible restoration (Matthew 18:15-20; Galatians 6:1). If there
is no resolution of the matter a second person is to be brought
in as an observer and/or a corroborating witness.
If those who were thus identified and confronted refused to recant
their false teaching, then the church body, or perhaps a representative
group from the body, makes a determination which may result in a
separation: "Now we command you, brethren, in the name of our Lord
Jesus Christ, that ye withdraw yourselves from every brother that
walketh disorderly, and not after the tradition which he received
of us" (II Thessalonians 3:6).
to be severed.
C. Separation or disfellowshiping was a discipline aimed at restoration
Paul instructed Titus thusly: "A man that is an heretick after the
first and second admonition reject" (Titus 3:10). In other words,
if after the second confrontation and admonishment he persists in
his heresy, he should be "rejected." That would be the equivalent
to being "disfellowshipped" in our vernacular. The apostle elaborated
on this command in other letters. He reminded the Corinthians: "I
wrote you in my letter not to associate with immoral people; I did
not at all mean with the immoral people of this world, or with the
covetous and swindlers, or with idolaters; for then you would have
to go out of the world. But actually, I wrote to you not to associate
with any so-called brother if he should be an immoral person, or
covetous, or an idolater, or a reviler, or a drunkard, or a swindler
—not even to eat with such a one. For what have I to do with judging
outsiders? Do you not judge those who are within the church? But
those who are outside, God judges. Remove the wicked man from among
yourselves" (I Corinthians 5:9-13 NASB). We are reminded here that
the church is to judge those who are a part of it.
The Bible instructs us to separate ourselves from one who is flawed
morally or in serious doctrinal error, who will not listen to reason
and the admonition of the church.2 Such judgment is meant to motivate
offenders to repent of their wrong, not to destroy them completely
(II Thessalonians 3:15). We can apply modern sociological theories
to the problem but the scriptural way is God's way, and it is the
method that works long-term. Those who handle the matter are instructed
in Galatians 6:1: "Brethren, if a man is overtaken in any trespass,
you who are spiritual restore such a one in a spirit of gentleness,
considering yourself lest you also be tempted" (NKJV).
According to Edward Gibbon in The Decline and Fall of the Roman
The solidarity of the early Christians (Acts 4:32) produced a bulwark
defense against a hostile world. In time sects and heresies arose,
but by and large, the believers were "of one mind and one accord."
The historian noted that as soon as they arose, the disciples were
diligent to detect the errors of any false teachers which came along
and "expel them from the society of the faithful."
Our responsibility is to restore if possible, but if it is not possible,
then we have to take the action prescribed by the Bible. Any of
us would rather be one who is ready with compliments and praise
than he who must confront heresy and its purveyor(s), but with authority
comes responsibility. Praise given when correction is demanded could
put one into the category of those scorned by Jude who were guilty
of "flattering people for the sake of gaining an advantage" (Jude
Leadership has a solemn duty to protect the body of Christ: "For
I have not hesitated to proclaim to you the whole will of God. Keep
watch over yourselves and all the flock of which the Holy Spirit
has made you overseers. Be shepherds of the church of God, which
he bought with his own blood. I know that after I leave, savage
wolves will come in among you and will not spare the flock. Even
from your own number men will arise and distort the truth in order
to draw away disciples after them" (Acts 20:27-30 NIV; emphasis
mine). It is neither a pleasant task nor one that that is preferred.
It is one assigned to us by the Lord Himself.
May the modern apostolic church not be slack in its duty to discern
and deal with false doctrine and its perpetrators—intimidated
by neither peers nor personalities, or tempted to partiality.
1. There are often some positive benefits to heresies which arise
in the church. As Paul says, they will manifest the truth lovers
and the true believers. Throughout church history we can see that
certain heretics have forced the church to define, or in some cases,
redefine, their founding principles. Many great theological works
were produced by men who would possibly have never done so without
the surfacing of false teachers, persons with new "revelations,"
and blatant heretics who challenged biblical orthodoxy.
2. "But if he will not hear thee, then take with thee one or two
more, that in the mouth of two or three witnesses every word may
be established. And if he shall neglect to hear them, tell it unto
the church: but if he neglect to hear the church, let him be unto
thee as an heathen man and a publican" (Matthew 18:16,17). For more
on the pivotal passage of Matthew 18:15-20 and how it is to be applied
to Christians today, order The Principles of Church Discipline by
J. R. Ensey.